Sebaceous Cysts and Their Treatment

A sebaceous cyst home treatment is usually a sac below the skin that is definitely enclosed in a lining. This lining is equivalent for the topmost portion of a hair follicle and includes a fatty white, partially solid matter known as sebum. Sebum is generated by sebaceous glands in the epidermis. The surface with the skin, or epidermis, comprises of a very thin, safeguarding layer of cells that the body constantly sloughs off. The majority of epidermoid cysts develop when these cells, rather than shedding as usual, travel deeper into the skin and proliferate. Commonly, this occurs in components where you will find tiny hair follicles and bigger sebaceous glands, like around the face, neck, groin and upper back. The epidermal cells make up the walls of sebaceous cysts, then emit the protein keratin into the inner locations. The keratin may be the thick yellow matter that occasionally draws off the cyst.


Risk Factors of Sebaceous Cysts Many factors can result in Sebaceous Cysts. These factors include trauma to the hair follicle, a burst sebaceous gland, developmental abnormality, and genetic factors. Every single hair grows from a follicle, which may well be damaged due to occurrences like direct trauma, abrasions or surgical wounds. Found just on top with the hair follicles are sebaceous glands that generate sebum. Skin diseases that come with swelling and irritation can cause these glands to burst easily. Epidermoid cysts can commence within a growing fetus when stem cells purposed to create skin, nails or hair are caught up in cells developing other tissues. Cysts may well grow in individuals with Gardner's syndrome, which as an incredibly uncommon genetic condition that results in growths inside the color. Cysts could also grow due to basal cell nevus syndrome, that is another genetic condition that results in many severe defects.

Sebaceous Cyst or (Steatoma) is retention of keratin trapped beneath the surface in the skin trapped within a sebaceous sac that is created from skin cells. They are painless, slow-growing, small bumps or lumps that move freely under the skin and for the trained eye, are ordinarily easily diagnosed by their appearance.

Sebaceous cysts are formed often due to swollen hair follicles, blocked glands, skin trauma and higher levels of testosterone inside the body. Keratin is an extremely sturdy protein found naturally inside the physique and is really a major component in skin, hair, nails and teeth. It is predominantly made up of dead cells and amino acids which combine to form keratin and these contain unique properties rendering it hard or soft. If the dead cells are kept in good condition, they will serve as an insulating layer to protect the delicate new keratin below them.

Keratin is difficult to dissolve, due towards the content of cysteine disulfide enabling the formation of disulfide bridges which develop a helix shape that may be extremely powerful. Sulphur atoms then bond to each other across the helix, creating a non soluble fibrous matrix. Depending on how much cysteine disulfide is contained within the keratin, the bond can be very strong to make hard cells like those found in nails, or it can be softer to make flexible keratin like hair and skin. Keratin also consists of high levels of sulphur which, when burned, emits a distinct sulphurous odour. When this keratin in trapped within a sebaceous cyst it can resemble creamy cheese and possess an exceptionally unpleasant odour.

The size in the cyst can vary from a pea to an egg, and the areas most affected are those where you will discover more sebaceous glands, i.e. face, chest, scalp and back, although occasionally they also appear within the underarm and can be found on the trunk and the vaginal area or other components of the genitalia. They may have an open or closed top and treatment is dependent upon the size and location. The simplest case of sebaceous cyst does not require any major medical attention and can be controlled by simply draining them sometimes by applying a wet warm cloth around the sebaceous cysts to soften the contents and then gently squeezing them to drain the contents. Some small ones may possibly even disappear on their own. However if more permanent methods of therapy are sought there are a number of methods available. 

However it is worth bearing in mind that some cysts can become infected and antibiotic treatment is required before any method of removal or drainage is undertaken. If sebaceous cysts become infected, they can form into painful abscesses. Sebaceous cysts can be excised, which was, in past often carried out at the GP surgery. However due to funding implications, practitioners within the NHS are not now able to perform any treatments considered 'cosmetic' and therefore the consumer is forced to actively look for an alternative.

The most gentle and least invasive method is electrolysis which is proving quite successful and having much success. If small, Sebaceous Cysts can be treated really successfully using the electrolysis current and advanced electrolysis techniques. If electrolysis is performed it may be necessary to treat the nodule more than once depending on its size and location and successful treatment cannot always be guaranteed as every cyst is pretty individual.


An electrolysis needle is inserted into the sebaceous cyst a number of times and the A/C, RF Thermolysis current is expelled and held within within the skin overgrowth. The heat softens the contents from the cyst and immediately following the application in the current the contents (or some from the contents) may be able to be excised in the nodule. This however is not always the case and apart from generalised erythema the nodule may perhaps not look any different initially following treatment. Over the next week or so the nodule should reduce in size, irrespective of whether contents were expelled or not. The nodule will almost surely require further remedy and the sac is either destroyed by the current or could or could not be expelled. Successful remedy cannot always be guaranteed, however positive feedback is forthcoming from those treated by the use of electrolysis.